Journal of Chemical Physics 105, 8178-8186 (1996)

Tatiana Korona, Robert Moszynski, and Bogumil Jeziorski

Department of Chemistry, University of Warsaw, Pasteura 1, 02-093 Warsaw, Poland

Convergence of symmetry-adapted perturbation theory expansions for pairwise nonadditive interatomic interactions


Convergence properties of symmetry-adapted perturbation expansions for nonadditive interactions are tested by performing high-order calculations for three spin-aligned hydrogen atoms. It is shown that the strong symmetry forcing characteristic of the Hirschfelder-Silbey theory leads to a rapidly convergent perturbation series. The symmetrized Rayleigh-Schrödinger perturbation theory employing a weak symmetry forcing is shown to provide in low orders accurate approximations to the nonadditive part of the interaction energy. In very high orders the convergence of this perturbation expansion becomes very slow, and the series converges to an unphysical limit, very close to the exact interaction energy. The nonadditive part of the interaction energy for the lowest quartet state of H3 is interpreted in terms of the first-order exchange, induction, exchange-induction, exchange-dispersion, induction-dispersion, and dispersion contributions. It is shown that even for such a simple trimer the correct description of these components is necessary to obtain quantitative agreement with variational full configuration interaction results.

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Tatiana Korona 2003-01-17